Biodiversity and economy
- Bonn (Germany) was chosen to host the secretariat of IPBES (Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services) by the hundred countries who gathered April 20, 2012 in Panama City. Germany won the vote with a majority vote (47 of 90) during the fourth round of the election process. Other countries, like France, Brazil, India and South Korea had submitted an application. More on IPBES
Houdet, J., Trommetter, M., Weber, J., 2011. "Understanding changes in business strategies regarding biodiversity and ecosystem services", Ecological Economics.
“Innovative accountability methods for biodiversity”, dans Business 2020, Vol. 6, Issue 1 (revue du Secrétariat de la CDB), juin 2011
- First meeting of the Platform Business and Biodiversity : 15 December 2011 in Tokyo, Japan. More information
For members only:
-Ghislaine Hierso's presentation
- Draft agenda of the meeting Global Platform for Business (15-16 December 2011 in Tokyo)
- Background document
- Statement by Ahmed Djoghlaf, CBD Executive Secretary,on the occasion of the 65th Session of the United Nations General Assembly. Click here
- Side Event Orée/FRB in Nagoya : 22 October "Business and Biodiversity". More information click here.
- New special issue "Promoting business reporting standards for biodiversity and ecosystem services". Click here !
- Orée's press release Promoting business reporting standards for biodiversity and ecosystem services. The Biodiversity Accountability Framework (BAF) Click here
Context and issues
Up until 2005, the year of the Paris Conference on “Biodiversity, science and governance”, most common opinion was that biodiversity issue was too complex for the involvement of businesses other than via a few sponsorship actions, unlike Climate Change issue for which a measurement unit was available: the ton of carbon. Biodiversity was then considered as an exogenous constraint, tackled via preservation actions for a few remarkable species, good only for the company’s image.
Since 2005, various studies have helped give biodiversity the importance that it deserves: the Stern report, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA), the creation of the Fondation pour la Recherche sur la Biodiversité* (FRB) and the biodiversity committee on the initiative of French senators Marie Blandin and Jean-François Legrand.
Recognising the urgency of the situation, Orée and the IFB (French Institute of Biodiversity) initiated a working group in February 2006 to integrate biodiversity into business strategies. It was the first time in France that businesses, scientists and associations came together as a working group to examine biodiversity issues, and more specifically the reintegration of the economic activity into the dynamics of living systems. Given that the deterioration of ecological services could represent up to 7% of the world’s GDP in 2050, or €13,938 billion per year, reconciling economic activities and biodiversity, “teaming up with life” as Robert Barbault** puts it, requires the mobilisation of businesses as well as the creation of new tools.
The guide on “Integrating biodiversity into business strategies. Biodiversity Assessment of Organisations”
, co-published by Orée and the Foundation for Research on Biodiversity, is the result of the proceedings of this working group
The challenge, well under way but yet incomplete, is to achieve a Biodiversity Accountability Framework, which would be the biodiversity equivalent of the “Bilan Carbone”. Corporate accounting is not geared to evaluate and monitor the relationships between businesses and biodiversity: this is why innovation is required, as outlined in the publication and now developed by the working group.
Since March 2009, the proceedings have therefore been based on the establishment of a system aimed at recording biodiversity flows (1) for a company and (2) for interacting companies.
A doctoral thesis, supported by VEOLIA Environment
and the State via a CIFRE (research-based industrial training contracts) scholarship, has been written in close partnership with the working group. The objective is to switch from one development model, standardising the living world, to another based on reciprocity between businesses and biological diversity. See the doctoral thesis
* Officially launched by the ministers of Ecology and Research in February 2008, the FOUNDATION FOR RESEARCH ON BIODIVERSITY (FRB) includes public research organisations, environmental protection associations, managers of natural areas and biological resources and businesses with a single purpose in mind: addressing biodiversity challenges. It combines and replaces two existing structures by extending their tasks: the French Institute of biodiversity and the Office of genetic resources.
** Barbault, R. (2006). Un éléphant dans un jeu de quilles - L'homme et la biodiversité (A bull in a china shop – Man and biodiversity), Ed.: Seuil